American Liver Society

 

American Liver Society

 

Donate Life

         Liver Society

   Liver Health

   Liver Diseases

   Liver Disorders

   Liver Syndromes

     Liver Transplants

Virtual Colonoscopy
On this page:

VC Procedure
Advantages of VC
Disadvantages of VC
For More Information
Virtual colonoscopy (VC) uses x rays and computers to produce two- and three-dimensional images of the colon (large intestine) from the lowest part, the rectum, all the way to the lower end of the small intestine and display them on a screen. The procedure is used to diagnose colon and bowel disease, including polyps, diverticulosis, and cancer. VC can be performed with computed tomography (CT), sometimes called a CAT scan, or with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

[Top]
VC Procedure
While preparations for VC vary, you will usually be asked to take laxatives or other oral agents at home the day before the procedure to clear stool from your colon. You may also be asked to use a suppository to cleanse your rectum of any remaining fecal matter.

VC takes place in the radiology department of a hospital or medical center. The examination takes about 10 minutes and does not require sedatives. During the procedure,

The doctor will ask you to lie on your back on a table.


A thin tube will be inserted into your rectum, and air will be pumped through the tube to inflate the colon for better viewing.


The table moves through the scanner to produce a series of two-dimensional cross-sections along the length of the colon. A computer program puts these images together to create a three-dimensional picture that can be viewed on the video screen.


You will be asked to hold your breath during the scan to avoid distortion on the images.


The scanning procedure is then repeated with you lying on your stomach.
After the examination, the information from the scanner must be processed to create the computer picture or image of your colon. A radiologist evaluates the results to identify any abnormalities.

You may resume normal activity after the procedure, although your doctor may ask you to wait while the test results are analyzed. If abnormalities are found and you need conventional colonoscopy, it may be performed the same day.

Conventional Colonoscopy
In a conventional colonoscopy, the doctor inserts a colonoscope--a long, flexible, lighted tube--into the patient's rectum and slowly guides it up through the colon. Pain medication and a mild sedative help the patient stay relaxed and comfortable during the 30- to 60-minute procedure. A tiny camera in the scope transmits an image of the lining of the colon, so the doctor can examine it on a video monitor. If an abnormality is detected, the doctor can remove it or take tissue samples using tiny instruments passed through the scope.

For more information about conventional colonoscopy, please see the Colonoscopy fact sheet from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

[Top]
Advantages of VC
VC is more comfortable than conventional colonoscopy for some people because it does not use a colonoscope. As a result, no sedation is needed, and you can return to your usual activities or go home after the procedure without the aid of another person. VC provides clearer, more detailed images than a conventional x ray using a barium enema, sometimes called a lower gastrointestinal (GI) series. It also takes less time than either a conventional colonoscopy or a lower GI series.

[Top]
Disadvantages of VC
The doctor cannot take tissue samples or remove polyps during VC, so a conventional colonoscopy must be performed if abnormalities are found. Also, VC does not show as much detail as a conventional colonoscopy, so polyps smaller than 10 millimeters in diameter may not show up on the images.

[Top]
For More Information
American College of Gastroenterology (ACG)
4900-B South 31st Street
Arlington, VA 22206-1656
Phone: (703) 820-7400
Fax: (703) 931-4520
Email: info@ccfa.org
Internet: www.acg.gi.org

International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (IFFGD)
P.O. Box 170864
Milwaukee, WI 53217
Phone: 1-888-964-2001 or (414) 964-1799
Fax: (414) 964-7176
Email: iffgd@iffgd.org
Internet: www.iffgd.org

[Top]


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3570
Email: nddic@info.niddk.nih.gov

The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC) is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Established in 1980, the clearinghouse provides information about digestive diseases to people with digestive disorders and to their families, health care professionals, and the public. NDDIC answers inquiries, develops and distributes publications, and works closely with professional and patient organizations and Government agencies to coordinate resources about digestive diseases.

Publications produced by the clearinghouse are carefully reviewed by both NIDDK scientists and outside experts. This fact sheet was reviewed by Douglas K. Rex, M.D., Indiana University School of Medicine.

This e-text is not copyrighted. The clearinghouse encourages users of this e-pub to duplicate and distribute as many copies as desired.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NIH Publication No. 03-5095
May 2003

http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/virtualcolonoscopy/index.htm

About the American Liver Society

American Liver Society Groups

American Liver Society Advocay

American Liver Society Resources

American Liver Society Research

American Liver Society Legal

         About Us

             Groups

           Advocacy

           Resources

           Research

               Legal

Web site design by: Global Advanced Media

http://www.globaladvancedmedia.com

Web site hosting courtesy of Global Advanced Media

http://www.global-advanced-media.com